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Packing List
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
Considerably more detailed and informative than a standard domestic packing list, it itemizes the material in each individual package and indicates the type of package, such as a box, crate, drum, or carton. Both commercial stationers and freight forwarders carry packing list forms.



   

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Intellectual Property Rights
The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, adopted in 1884 with 14 member States, was the first major international treaty designed to help the people of one country obtain protection in other countries for their intellectual creations in the form of industrial property rights, known as inventions (patents), trademarks, and industrial designs

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

   

Patent
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Intellectual Property Rights
A patent grants a property right to an inventor. Utility patents are for inventions or discoveries of a new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or a new and useful improvement thereof. Design patents are for inventions of a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture. U.S. patents are issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Generally, a new U.S. patent is good for 20 years and are effective only within the U.S., U.S. territories, and U.S. possessions. Under certain circumstances, patent term extensions or adjustments may be available. The patent grants

U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) and U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

   

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Intellectual Property Rights
The PCT facilitates the filing of applications for patents on the same invention in member countries. It provides for centralized filing procedures whereby a single application filed in a PCT governmental receiving office can constitute an application for patent in one or more (including all) member countries.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

  PCT Information Service
+41-22 338 83 38
E mail Inquiry Section
 

Patent Law Treaty
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Intellectual Property Rights
The aim of the Patent Law Treaty (PLT) is to harmonize and streamline formal procedures in respect of national and regional patent applications and patents, and thus to make such procedures more user-friendly. With the significant exception of the filing date requirements, the PLT provides maximum sets of requirements, which the Office of a Contracting Party may apply. This means that a Contracting Party is free to provide for requirements that are more generous from the viewpoint of applicants and owners, but are mandatory as to the maximum that an Office can require from applicants or owners.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

   

Pecan Fee
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Product-Specific
An assessment collected on imported shelled and in-shell pecans. The class code is 057.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

PHMSA
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Pipeline and Hazardouz Materials Administration (PHMSA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) that works to ensure the safe and secure movement of hazardous materials to industry and consumers by all transportation modes, including the nation's pipelines. PHMSA was signed into law on November 20, 2004. The creation of PHMSA provides the Department a modal administration focused solely on its pipeline and hazardous materials transportation programs. Through PHMSA, the Department develops and enforces regulations for the safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's 2.3 million mile pipeline transportation system and the nearly 1 million daily shipments of hazardous materials by land, sea, and air.

Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration (PHMSA)

   

Phytosanitary Certificate
Categories:
  • Product-Specific
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Document
  • Term/Acronym
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
A phytosanitary certificate is a document often required by many states and foreign countries for the import of nonprocessed, plant products. The word phytosanitary is derived from two Greek words…phyto meaning plant and sanitary, meaning clean. Export commodities (depending on the country or state) must meet certain standards or criteria outlined by the importing country or state. These plant health requirements pertain to storage pests, plant diseases, chemical treatments and weeds. Some countries require a growing season inspection of the field from which a plant product is harvested before a certificate may be issued, particularly if the product is seed to be used for propagation. The objective of the certification process is to facilitate the entry of U.S. origin plant or plant products into the country of destination. This is accomplished by certifying that the plants or plant products were inspected and conform to any phytosanitary entry requirements the importing country has set prior to leaving the U.S. port.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

   

POD
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
POD - Port (Point) of Delivery: Port where cargo is unloaded from vessel.



   

Port of Entry
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
Ports of entry are responsible for daily port specific operations. There are 327 official ports of entry in the United States and 15 Preclearance offices in Canada and the Caribbean. Port personnel are the face at the border for most cargo and visitors entering the United States. Here CBP enforces the import and export laws and regulations of the U.S. federal government and conducts immigration policy and programs. Ports also perform agriculture inspections to protect the USA from potential carriers of animal and plant pests or diseases that could cause serious damage to America's crops, livestock, pets, and the environment.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP))

   

Port of Unlading
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
The U.S. port of call in which cargo shipments are discharged.



   

Potato Fee
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
An assessment collected on imported tablestock potatoes, processed potato products and seed potatoes. The class code is 090.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Pro Forma Invoice
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
A pro forma invoice is a document that states a commitment from the seller to provide specified goods to the buyer at specific prices. It is often used to declare value for customs. It is not a true invoice, because the seller does not record a pro forma invoice as an accounts receivable and the buyer does not record a pro forma invoice as an accounts payable. A pro forma invoice is not issued by the seller until the seller and buyer have agreed to the terms of the order. In few cases, pro forma invoice is issued for obtaining advance payments from buyer, either for start of production or for security of the goods produced.



   

PSI
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Preshipment Inspection (PSI). The checking of goods before shipment for the purpose of determining the quantity and/or quality of said goods by an independent surveyor (inspection company) for phytosanitary, sanitary and veterinary controls. Presently there is a tendency by developing countries to use the inspection also for the purpose of determining whether the price charged for certain goods is correct.



   


 
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