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C-TPAT
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
  • Compliance System/Process
C-TPAT is a voluntary government-business initiative to build cooperative relationships that strengthen and improve overall international supply chain and U.S. border security. C-TPAT recognizes that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can provide the highest level of cargo security only through close cooperation with the ultimate owners of the international supply chain such as importers, carriers, consolidators, licensed customs brokers, and manufacturers. Through this initiative, CBP is asking businesses to ensure the integrity of their security practices and communicate and verify the security guidelines of their business partners within the supply chain.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CAF
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
CAF - Currency Adjustment Factor: Liner conferences are fundamentally international in character. The member lines are based in different countries and their domestic revenue and expenses figures will generally be in their own currencies. Their earnings and operating expenses on the routes served by the conference may also be in different currencies. To introduce some uniformity, the rate of freight of a liner conference is expressed in a single currency although freight can actually be paid in some other transferable or convertible currency. The common tariff currency is the United States dollar.



   

CAFTA
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
CAFTA - Central American Free Trade Agreement: is a free trade agreement (legally a treaty under international law, but not under US law). Originally, the agreement encompassed the United States and the Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, and was called CAFTA. In 2004, the Dominican Republic joined the negotiations, and the agreement was renamed DR-CAFTA.



   

CAMIR
Categories:
  • Compliance System/Process
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Term/Acronym
Customs Automated Manifest Interface Requirements (CAMIR). The Customs Automated Manifest Interface Requirements (CAMIR) document provides specific procedures for the importing trade community that are interested in participating in the Automated Manifest System (AMS). AMS is a means of speeding the flow of cargo through an electronic release notification system. This reduces paperwork for both carriers and Customs by eliminating the paper manifest and decreasing the number of discrepancy reports and in-bond document (CPBF-7512), Transportation Entry and Manifest of Goods Subject to Customs Inspection and Permit.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CAP
Categories:
  • Country/Regional
  • Product-Specific
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Term/Acronym
Common Agricultural Policy of the EU. The common agricultural policy is fundamental to the strength and competitiveness of EU farming and of the agri-food sector as a whole, with its 19 million jobs. The policy ensures that farming and preservation of the environment go hand in hand. It helps develop the economic and social fabric of rural communities. It plays a vital role in confronting new challenges such as climate change, water management, bioenergy and biodiversity.

European Commission

   

Cargo Release
Categories:
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Term/Acronym
Delivery authorized by CBP permitting merchandise to enter the commerce of the United States.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Carriage and Insurance Paid To
Categories:
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Term/Acronym
Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CPT) [Named port of destination], an Incoterm in which the seller has the same obligations as under CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO and the seller also has to procure cargo insurance against the buyer's risk of loss or of damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium. The seller is only required to obtain insurance on minimum coverage. CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID requires the seller to clear the goods for export. CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID can be used for any mode of transport including multimodal transport.



   

Carriage of Passengers: International Carriage by Coach and Bus
Categories:
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Term/Acronym
The coach and bus transport sector needs to guarantee efficient, high-quality services: greater passenger comfort, right to information on fares, contractual terms, handling of complaints, mechanisms for resolving disputes, vehicles better adapted to the needs of persons with reduced mobility, etc. In terms of road safety, the fact is that Community legislation, together with technological advances, has resulted in ever safer vehicles. This trend is vital for transport by coach and bus.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

Carriage of Passengers: Non-Resident Carriers in the National Market
Categories:
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Term/Acronym
This Regulation aims to enable non-resident carriers to have the freedom to provide national passenger transport services within a Member State without discrimination on grounds of nationality or place of establishment.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

Carriage Paid To
Categories:
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Term/Acronym
Carriage Paid To (CPT), an Incoterm in which the seller pays the freight for the carriage of the goods to the named destination. The risk of loss or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered to the carrier, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered into the custody of the carrier. If the buyer does not insure the shipment and if the goods are damaged, you may run the risk of not being paid. A carrier is any person who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage, by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes. If subsequent carriers are used for carriage to the agreed destination, the risk passes to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier. CARRIAGE PAID TO requires the seller to clear the goods for export. CARRIAGE PAID TO can be used for any mode of transport including multimodal transport.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

CATAIR
Categories:
  • Compliance System/Process
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Document
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Term/Acronym
The Customs and Trade Automated Interface Requirements (CATAIR) documentation provides complete information describing how importers and/or their agents can become Automated Broker Interface (ABI) participants, as well as how they can provide electronic import information to ABI, and receive transmissions from ABI once they have become a participant.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CBERA
Categories:
  • Country/Regional
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Term/Acronym
Caribbean Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) provides mostly duty free access to the U.S. market for designated Caribbean countries. See also CBI )Caribbean Basin Initiative)

U.S. Trade Representative

   

CBI
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
The trade programs known collectively as the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) remain vital elements in U.S. economic relations with our neighbors in Central America and in the Caribbean. The CBI is intended to facilitate the economic development and export diversification of the Caribbean Basin economies. Initially launched in 1983, through the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA), and substantially expanded in 2000 through the U.S.-Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA), the CBI currently provides beneficiary countries with duty-free access to the U.S. market for most goods. The CBTPA entered into force on October 1, 2000, and continues in effect until September 30, 2010, or the date, if sooner, on which a free trade agreement as described in legislation enters into force between the United States and a CBTPA beneficiary country. There are currently 19 CBERA beneficiary countries:

U.S. Trade Representative (USTR)

   

CBM
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
CBM - Cubic Meter: The cubic metre (US spelling: cubic meter, symbol: m3) is the SI derived unit of volume. It is the volume of a cube with edges one meter in length.



   

CBP
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is one of the Department of Homeland Security’s largest and most complex components, with a priority mission of keeping terrorists and their weapons out of the U.S. It also has a responsibility for securing and facilitating trade and travel while enforcing hundreds of U.S. regulations, including immigration and drug laws. CBP performs two crucial roles in facilitating trade to and from the U.S. and around the globe: securing it from acts of terrorism and assuring that goods arriving in the U.S. are legitimate and that appropriate duties and fees are paid.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CBPF-3461
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
CBP Form (CBPF) 3461, Entry/Immediate Delivery.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CBPF-7501
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
CBP Form (CBPF) 7501, Entry Summary

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

  cbp.7501questions@dhs.gov.
 

CCC-Mark
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
The China Compulsory Certificate mark, commonly known as CCC Mark, is a compulsory safety mark for many products sold on the Chinese market. It became effective on May 1, 2002. It is the result of the integration of China's two old compulsory inspection systems, namely "CCIB" (Safety Mark, introduced in 1989 and required for products in 47 product categories) and "CCEE" (also known as "Great Wall" Mark, for electrical commodities in 7 product categories), into a single procedure.



   

CCR
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
The Cargo Control and Release (CCR) delivery will standardize cargo control processing, reporting tools and query capabilities across all modes of transportation and provide importers, exporters, brokers and carriers with one system for moving goods into or through the U.S. using ships, planes, trains, trucks and ultimately pipelines. CCR is the umbrella under which Ocean & Rail (M1), Air (M2.1) and Truck Manifest (M2.2) will be built and brought into one central database. The M1 delivery will incorporate the rail and sea electronic manifest processing into the ACE Multi-Modal Manifest database MAJOR M1 CAPABILITY

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CE Mark - 'New Approach Directives'
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
The 'New Approach Directives' are documents that contain the legislation issued by the European Commission on the requirements that need to be met and procedures that must be followed in order for a particular product to be CE marked for sales in the EU.

European Commission

   

CE Marking
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
The CE marking ( 'Conformite Europeenne') certifies that a product has met EU health, safety, and environmental requirements for consumer safety. Manufacturers in the EU and abroad must meet CE marking requirements where applicable in order to market their products in Europe. A manufacturer who has gone through the conformity assessment process may affix the CE marking to the product. With the CE marking, the product may be marketed throughout the EU. CE marking now provides product access to 27 countries with a population of nearly 500 million. As there is no comprehensive list of the products that require a CE marking, it is the manufacturer's responsibility to determine if a product requires a CE marking. The 'New Approach Directives' are documents that contain the legislation issued by the European Commission on the requirements that need to be met and procedures that must be followed for a particular product to be CE marked for sales in the EU.

European Commission

  Bob Straetz, European Union (EU) Specialist
202 482-4496
mailto:bob.Straetz@mail.doc.gov
 

CEFTA
Categories:
  • Country/Regional
  • Multilateral/International
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Term/Acronym
Central European Free Trade Agreement The Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) is an agreement originally signed by the countries of the Visegrad group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and the Slovak Republic) on 21 December 1992 and effective since July 1994. Slovenia (1996), Romania (1997) and Bulgaria (1999) have since joined CEFTA. Moreover, Lithuania, Latvia, Croatia, Macedonia and Ukraine have announced their intention to join. The agreement provides for the gradual establishment of a free trade area for industrial goods and a gradual reduction of certain, but not all, barriers to trade in agro-food products.



   

CEN
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Country/Regional
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) was founded in 1961 by the national standards bodies in the European Economic Community and EFTA countries. Now CEN is contributing to the objectives of the European Union and European Economic Area with voluntary technical standards which promote free trade, the safety of workers and consumers, interoperability of networks, environmental protection, exploitation of research and development programmes, and public procurement.

The European Committee for Standardization

   

Certificate of Analysis
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Product-Specific
Authenticated document, issued by an accredited firm or individual, that certifies the quality and purity of pharmaceuticals, and animal and plant products being exported.



   

Certificate of Free Sale
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Issued by the government (FDA or the states where the processed foods or cosmetics are produced), these are general certificates (not pertaining to a particular production lot or export consignment) that state that the particular product(s) is produced in the United States, that it is marketed in the United States, and that the particular manufacturer has no unresolved enforcement actions pending before either the FDA or State. They are also known by other names, such as Health Certificate, Export Certificate, Sanitary Certificate, Certificate of Sanitation, and Certificate of Origin.

U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA)

   

Certificate of Inspection
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Certificate of Inspection is usually required for import of industrial equipment, meat products, and perishable merchandise. It certifies that the item meets the required specifications and was in good condition and correct quantity when it left the port of departure. Also called inspection certificate or inspection report.



   

Certificate of Manufacture
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
A statement by a producer, sometimes notarized, which certifies that manufacture has been completed and that the goods are at the disposal of the buyer.



   

Certificate of Origin
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
Document that certifies a shipment's country of origin. It is used between members of a trading block or where special privileges are granted to goods produced in certain countries. Certificate of origin is commonly issued by a trade promotion office, or a chamber of commerce in the exporting country.



   

CES
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
CES - Custom Examination Station: A centralized examination station (CES) is a privately operated facility, not in the charge of a Customs officer, at which merchandise is made available to Customs officers for physical examination. A CES may be established in any port or any portion of a port, or any other area under the jurisdiction of a port director. To present outbound cargo for inspection at a CES at a port other than the shipment's designated port of exit, either proof of the shipper's consent to the inspection must be furnished or a complete set of transportation documents must accompany the shipment to evidence that exportation of the goods is imminent and that the goods are committed to export, thereby, making them subject to Customs examination.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (cbp)

   

CET
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • National Security
CET- Contraband Enforcement Team: a special unit of U.S. Customs.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (cbp)

   

CFR
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM for Cost and Freight, in which the exporter pays costs and freight to deliver the goods to the named port of destination. The risk of loss or of damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered on board the vessel, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail in the port of shipment. If the buyer does not insure the shipment and if the goods are damaged, you may run the risk of not being paid. COST AND FREIGHT requires the seller to clear the goods for export. COST AND FREIGHT can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport. In the case of roll-on/roll-off or container traffic, the ship's rail serves no practical purpose. Use the CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO term as it is more appropriate.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

China Automatic Import Licensing
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
All quantitative restrictions on imported goods were removed and transferred to the category of free import or automatic import licensing for monitoring, e.g. poultry, vegetable oils, wine, tobacco, asbestos, copper ore and concentrates, coal, plastic raw materials, natural rubber, waste paper, copper, aluminum, iron and steel billet, mechanical and electrical products, iron ore, crude oil, processed oil, alumina, chemical fertilizers, pesticides etc. For products under automatic import licensing, so long as the content and format of the application are correct, the issuing entity should grant the license immediately or within a few days

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

China Compulsory Certification (CCC)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
The China Compulsory Certification (CCC) mark is the compulsory Safety & Quality mark effective on 1 May 2002. The CCC mark is administered by China Government agency Certification and Accreditation Administration. The application for the CCC marks generally requires testing at accredited laboratories. There are currently 19 categories and 132 types of goods sold on the Chinese market subject to CCC marks, including electrical and electronics goods, motor vehicles, agriculture machinery, medical devices etc. Compulsory certification marking for toys and playthings became effective from 1 July 2007.

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

China Customs Requirements
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
Before clearing customs and lodging declaration most goods are subject to mandatory inspection and quarantine under the Catalogue of Import-Export Commodities Subject to Compulsory Inspection and Quarantine. Pre-shipment inspection is required for importing wastes such as metal, plastic, wood and textiles as raw materials to ensure shipments of wastes measure up to China environmental protection standards and must be inspected and approved by the General Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ). The Customs is the authority to interpret the customs tariff, to decide tariff classifications and to assess the duty paying values of goods entering the customs border. The dutiable value of an imported good is its CIF value, which includes the normal transaction price of goods, plus the cost of packing, freight, insurance and commission

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

China Documentary Requirements
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
Commercial Invoice stating shipper's and consignee's names and contact details, place and date of shipment, description of goods, HS code, FOB value and currency used, country of origin, quantity and weight, freight and insurance as applicable. Pro forma Invoice is permissible for customs clearance. Bill of Lading/Air Waybill stating shipper's and consignee's names and contact details, description of goods, HS code, CIF value, quantity and packages, and port of loading and discharge. Packing List stating place and date of shipment, order number, description and type of packaging, weight, marks and numbers on the packages; Certificate of Origin is required upon request.

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

China Labelling Requirements
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
All goods sold in China must be labelled in Chinese language with true description of their contents, grades and specifications as to quantities where applicable, production date and expiration date (in particular for food related items and pre-packaged foods), explanatory warnings as to potential hazard associated with the products etc. Effective from March 2002, imports of genetically modified organisms (GMO) must be labelled according to China's Measures for Agricultural GMO marking.

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

China Product Standards
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Import commodity inspection is required for all goods in the published Inspection List, or subject to inspection pursuant to other laws and regulations. Safety license and other regulatory requirements apply to imports of medicines, foodstuffs, animal and plant products, and mechanical and electronic products. The China Compulsory Certification (CCC) mark is the compulsory Safety & Quality mark effective on 1 May 2002. To protect consumers and environment, the new China 'RoHS' Law (w.e.f. 1 March 2007) would restrict and control the use of hazardous and toxic substance in the manufacturing of 'electronic information products'. Apart from CCC certification, some products may have to meet other requirements as well, e.g. telecom and internet equipment; motorcycle engines, refrigerators, air conditioner compressors, televisions and other electrical household appliances. China has a complex system of governing the standards and hygienic conditions of imported food and agricultural products, wines and cosmetics.

Hong Kong Trade Development Council

   

CIF
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM for COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT, in which the seller pays costs, insurance and freight to deliver the goods to the named port of destination. The seller also has to procure marine insurance against the buyer's risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium. The seller is only required to obtain insurance on minimum coverage. COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT requires the seller to clear the goods for export. COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

CIM
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
Convention Internationale Concernant le Transport des Marchandises par Chemin de Fer. International agreement, applied by 19 European railway companies, setting out conditions for international railway transport of goods and the liabilities of the carrier.



   

CIP
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP) [Named port of destination], an Incoterm in which the seller has the same obligations as under CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO and the seller also has to procure cargo insurance against the buyer's risk of loss or of damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium. The seller is only required to obtain insurance on minimum coverage. CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID requires the seller to clear the goods for export. CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID can be used for any mode of transport including multimodal transport.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

CISG
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) is a multinational accord which establishes a set of civil code provisions, similar to and modeled on the U.S. Uniform Commercial Code, applicable to transactions for the sale of goods in international commerce. The United States and 60 other nations in Europe, Asia and Latin America have ratified and implemented the CISG.



   

CITES
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), adpted in 1973 and amended in 1979, is an international agreement to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES is an international agreement to which States (countries) adhere voluntarily. States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention ('joined' CITES) are known as Parties. Although CITES is legally binding on the Parties

CITES

   

Class Code
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
Each collection must be properly coded using a classification code to identify the proper CBP account for deposit of monies collected. Multiple class codes may be required to properly distribute a collection.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Clean Bill of Lading
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
A receipt for goods issued by a carrier indicating that the goods were received in 'apparent good order and condition,' without damage or other irregularities.



   

CMR
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Convention Relative au Contrat de Transport International de Marchandise par Route. Convention for the international carriage of goods by road, setting out the conditions of carriage and the liabilities of the carrier. Note: Adherence to this set of regulations reflects a desire to standardise items such as documentation and rules on the carriers liability.



   

COD
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
COD - Cash on Delivery: Collect on delivery or COD is a financial transaction where the payment of products and/or services received is done at the time of actual delivery rather than paid-for in advance. The term is mainly applied to consumer products purchased from a third party, where payment is made to or collected by the deliverer from the recipient rather than the sender, in the way that a collect call is also charged to the recipient instead of the caller. The delivery company in turn remits the charge for the item itself to the company which shipped it, keeping only the portion which it charged for the shipping service.



   

Commercial Invoice
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
Represents a complete record of the transaction between exporter and importer with regard to the goods sold. Also reports the content of the shipment and serves as the basis for all other documents about the shipment.



   

Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization created by Canada, Mexico and the United States under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC). The CEC was established to address regional environmental concerns, help prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and to promote the effective enforcement of environmental law. The Agreement complements the environmental provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Commission for Environmental Cooperation

   

Consolidated Entry Summary
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
On a consolidated entry summary, an entry filer has combined or consolidated several releases into one entry summary package to be submitted for duty payment. It can be either a formal or informal entry. Consolidated entry summaries are identified by an alphabetic code C following the check digit of the entry number; e.g., 888/0967534-8C.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Consular Invoice
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • Foreign Import-Related
A document, certified by a consular official, is required by some countries to describe a shipment. Used by Customs of the foreign country, to verify the value, quantity and nature of the cargo.



   

Container Security: EU/US Agreements
Categories:
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • National Security
The 1997 Agreement on customs cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters (CMAA) was designed to establish smooth trade relations between the European Community and the United States. To achieve the objective of the Agreement, the two parties undertook to develop customs cooperation of the widest possible scope. Article 3 of the Agreement provides for the possibility of expanding its scope by mutual consent.

European Community

   

Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Intellectual Property Rights
The Convention provides for the obligation of each contracting State to protect a producer of phonograms who is a national of another contracting State against the making of duplicates without the consent of the producer, against the importation of such duplicates, where the making or importation is for the purposes of distribution to the public, and against the distribution of such duplicates to the public.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

   

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
Text of the UNIDROIT Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods, 17 Feb 1983.

International Institute For The Unification Of Private Law (UNIDROIT)

   

Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (17 Dec 1997)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention establishes legally binding standards to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions and provides for a host of related measures that make this effective. The 30 OECD member countries and eight non-member countries - Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Estonia, Israel, the Slovak Republic and South Africa

Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)

   

Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (abbrev. CISG) is a treaty offering a uniform international sales law that, as of July 2008, had been ratified by 71 countries that account for a significant proportion of world trade, making it one of the most successful international uniform laws. Japan is the most recent State to have ratified the Convention. The CISG allows exporters to avoid choice of law issues as the CISG offers ‘accepted substantive rules on which contracting parties, courts, and arbitrators may rely.’ The CISG was developed by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and was signed in Vienna in 1980. The CISG is sometimes referred to as the Vienna Convention (but is not to be confused with other treaties signed in Vienna). It came into force as a multilateral treaty on 1 January 1988, after being ratified by eleven countries.

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNICITRAL)

   

Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes (9 Dec 1988)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
Adopted by the General Assembly on 9 December 1988, the Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes is designed to overcome the major disparities and uncertainties that currently exist in relation to instruments used for international payments. The Convention applies if the parties use a particular form of a negotiable instrument indicating that the instrument is subject to the UNCITRAL Convention.

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNICITRAL)

   

Convention on International Factoring
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Text of the UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring, 28 May 88

International Institute For The Unification Of Private Law (UNIDROIT)

   

Convention on International Financial Leasing
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Text of the UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing, 28 May 1988

International Institute For The Unification Of Private Law (UNIDROIT)

   

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), adpted in 1973 and amended in 1979, is an international agreement to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES is an international agreement to which States (countries) adhere voluntarily. States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention ('joined' CITES) are known as Parties. Although CITES is legally binding on the Parties

CITES

   

Convention on Temporary Admission (Istanbul Convention)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Multilateral/International
The Convention on Temporary Admission (the Istanbul Convention) of 1993 is a single international instrument combining all the existing Conventions on temporary admission. It is aimed at simplifying and harmonizing temporary admission procedures. The Convention provides for the free movement of goods across frontiers and their temporary admission into a customs territory with relief from duties and taxes. It also requires contracting parties to accept the ATA carnet, an international customs document that assures through an international guarantee system that duties and taxes will be paid in cases of misuse. The ATA carnet is now the document most widely used by the business community for international operations involving the temporary admission of goods.

World Customs Organization (WCO)

   

Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR)) is a United Nations convention signed in Geneva on 19 May 1956. It relates to various legal issues concerning transportation of cargo, predominantly by lorries, by road. It has been ratified by the majority of European states. 'CMR' is an abbreviation of the French title of the convention, Convention relative au contrat de transport international de marchandises par route.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

   

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contract Obligations (Rome Convention)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
In Conflict of Laws, the Rome Convention is the Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations and it opened for signature in Rome, Italy on 19 June 1980. The intention is to create at least a harmonised if not a unified choice of law system in contracts within the European Union.

European Union (EU)

   

Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of ownership of Cultural Property
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Intellectual Property Rights
The 1970 UNESCO Convention reinforces international solidarity in the fight against the traffic in cultural property by setting up a system of co-operation between states as well as ethical standards on the movement of cultural property. Any state that is party to the Convention and whose heritage is endangered by looting of archaeological or ethnographic objects can call upon other states that are party to the Convention to seize illicitly traded objects and return them. To date, eighty-eight countries have ratified the Convention, including, in recent years, the United States and France. These, however, are the only countries with substantial art markets to join. It is now a matter of urgency that the countries that have not yet ratified the Convention, particularly the major art market countries, do so.

UNESCO

   

Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes (WTO Valuation Agreement)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
The Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes (aka WTO Valuation Agreement) provides a Customs valuation system that primarily bases the Customs value on the transaction value of the imported goods, which is the price actually paid or payable for the goods when sold for export to the country of importation, with certain adjustments. This provides a single system that is fair, uniform and neutral for the valuation of imported goods for Customs purposes, conforming to commercial realities and outlawing the use of arbitrary or fictitious Customs values.

World Customs Organization (WCO)

   

Copyright
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Multilateral/International
  • Intellectual Property Rights
A Copyright protects authors of “original works, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, both published and unpublished. The 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to reproduce the copyrighted work, to prepare derivative works, to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work, to perform the copyrighted work publicly, or to display the copyrighted work publicly. Copyrights are registered by the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress.

Library of Commerce Copyright Office

  202-707-5959
E mail Inquiry Section
 

CORDIS
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Foreign Import-Related
CORDIS, the Community Research and Development Information Service, is an interactive information platform that keeps you up to date with the latest news, progress and initiatives in European research and development activities. CORDIS is free of charge and offers access to European Union research and development funding programmes, as well as information on potential partners and previous and ongoing projects. Whether you are a researcher, an entrepreneur, a business specialist, a government agency, a representative of a public service or a non-profit organisation, a journalist or a key player in the R & D and innovation fields, CORDIS will assist you. CORDIS is the unique and authoritative source of information on funding opportunities offered by the 7 th Framework Programme on research and development (FP7) (2007–13).

EU Publications Office

   

Cost and Freight
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM (CFR), in which the exporter pays costs and freight to deliver the goods to the named port of destination. The risk of loss or of damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered on board the vessel, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail in the port of shipment. If the buyer does not insure the shipment and if the goods are damaged, you may run the risk of not being paid. COST AND FREIGHT requires the seller to clear the goods for export. COST AND FREIGHT can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport. In the case of roll-on/roll-off or container traffic, the ship's rail serves no practical purpose. Use the CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO term as it is more appropriate.



   

Cost, Insurance and Freight
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM for COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT, in which the seller pays costs, insurance and freight to deliver the goods to the named port of destination. The seller also has to procure marine insurance against the buyer's risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium. The seller is only required to obtain insurance on minimum coverage. COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT requires the seller to clear the goods for export. COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport.



   

Cotton Fee
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Product-Specific
As assessment collected on imported upland cotton and products containing upland cotton. The class code is 056.

Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

   

Countervailing Duty
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
An additional duty imposed to offset export grants, bounties or subsidies paid to foreign suppliers in certain countries by the government of that country for the purpose of promoting export.

International Trade Administration (ITA)

  John M. Andersen
202 482-5403
mailto:Petition_Counseling@ita.doc.gov
 

Country of Origin
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
Country in which the goods have been produced or manufactured, according to criteria laid down for the purpose of application of the customs tariff, of quantitative restrictions, or of another measure related to trade.



   

Country of Origin Labeling
Categories:
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
  • Product-Specific
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Term/Acronym
The 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills amended the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 to require retailers to notify their customers of the country of origin of muscle cut and ground meats including beef, veal, lamb, pork, chicken, and goat meat; wild and farm-raised fish and shellfish; perishable agricultural commodities (fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables); peanut, pecans, and macadamia nuts; and ginseng. On October 5, 2004, the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) published an interim final rule (IFR) for fish and shellfish (69 FR 59708) that went into effect on April 5, 2005. Legislation delayed the implementation of mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) for all covered commodities except fish and shellfish until September 30, 2008. On August 1, 2008, AMS published an interim final rule for all remaining covered commodities (73 FR 45106). On January 15, 2009 AMS published a final rule for all covered commodities combined (74 FR 2658) which became effective on March 16, 2009

Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)

   

Country of Provenance
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Country/Regional
The country from which goods or cargo are sent to the importing country.



   

CPSC
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death from thousands of types of consumer products under the agency's jurisdiction. The CPSC is committed to protecting consumers and families from products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical, or mechanical hazard or can injure children. The CPSC's work to ensure the safety of consumer products - such as toys, cribs, power tools, cigarette lighters, and household chemicals - contributed significantly to the 30 percent decline in the rate of deaths and injuries associated with consumer products over the past 30 years.

Consumer Product Safety Commission

   

CPT
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
Carriage Paid To (CPT), an Incoterm in which the seller pays the freight for the carriage of the goods to the named destination. The risk of loss or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered to the carrier, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered into the custody of the carrier. If the buyer does not insure the shipment and if the goods are damaged, you may run the risk of not being paid. A carrier is any person who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage, by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes. If subsequent carriers are used for carriage to the agreed destination, the risk passes to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier. CARRIAGE PAID TO requires the seller to clear the goods for export. CARRIAGE PAID TO can be used for any mode of transport including multimodal transport.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

CSI
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
  • Compliance System/Process
Container Security Initiative (CSI) addresses the threat to border security and global trade posed by the potential for terrorist use of a maritime container to deliver a weapon. CSI proposes a security regime to ensure all containers that pose a potential risk for terrorism are identified and inspected at foreign ports before they are placed on vessels destined for the United States.

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

   

CT
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
CT - Container Terminal: A container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation. The transshipment may be between container ships and land vehicles, for example trains or trucks, in which case the terminal is described as a maritime container terminal. Alternatively the transshipment may be between land vehicles, typically between train and truck, in which case the terminal is described as an inland container terminal.



   

CUSDEC
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
Customs Declaration (CUSDEC) permits the transfer of data from a declarant to a customs administration for the purpose of meeting legislative and/or operational requirements in respect of the declaration of goods for import, export or transit. The message may also be used, for example:- to transmit data from an exporter in one country to an importer in another country; - to transmit consignment data from one customs administration to another; - to transmit data from a customs authority to other governments agencies and/or interested administrations. - to transmit data from a declarant to the appropriate data collection agency on the movement of goods between statistical territories.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

CUSRES
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
Customs Response (CUSRES) permits the transfer of data from a customs administration: - to acknowledge the receipt of the message - to indicate whether the information received is correct or if there are errors (i.e. accepted without errors, accepted with errors, rejected, etc.) - to inform the sender of the status of the customs declaration (i.e. goods released, goods for examination, documents required, etc.) - to transmit additional information as agreed between parties (i.e. tax information, quantity information, etc.) - to respond to batched messages (i.e. CUSDEC, CUSCAR, SANCRT, REQDOC). Note: this message is not meant to replace the functionality of the CONTRL message.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Customs Convention on Containers 1972
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
The Customs Convention on Containers, 1972, provides for the temporary importation of containers, free of import duties and taxes, subject to re-exportation within 3 months and without the production of customs documents or security. The Convention also provides for the approval of containers under customs seal (these approval provisions are identical to those in the Convention on the International Transport of Goods Under Cover of TIR Carnets

World Customs Organization (WCO)

   

Customs Duties
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
Customs duties are tariffs or taxes payable on merchandise imported or exported from one country to another. Customs laws seek to equalize the charges imposed by other countries, furnish income for the federal government, and preserve the financial stability of domestic industries. In the U.S.,Congress has the exclusive authority to determine the imposition and enforcement of such duties and federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction to resolve controversies involving customs duties (19 CFR - Code of Federal Regulations - Title 19: Customs Duties)

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Customs House Broker
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Import-Related
The customs broker---broker or customhouse broker or customs house broker---is an 'licensed' individual or company engaged in entering and clearing goods through Customs for a client (importer). In general, the role of brokers is the same worldwide. It is important to select a reliable customs broker. The brokerage fee varies from country to country. The broker may collect a basic service fee on top of other charges, such as documentation charges and port fees. In certain countries, the broker collects a uniform base fee, plus a small percentage of the value of shipment.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

Customs Invoice
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
Document required by the customs in an importing country in which an exporter states the invoice or other price (e.g. selling price, price of identical goods), and specifies costs for freight, insurance and packing etc., terms of delivery and payment, for the purpose of determining the customs value in the importing country of goods consigned to that country.



   

Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
  • Compliance System/Process
C-TPAT is a voluntary cooperative government-business initiative to strengthen and improve overall international supply chain and U.S. border security. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is asking businesses to ensure the integrity of their security practices and communicate and verify the security guidelines of their business partners within the supply chain.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

  Industry Partnership Programs
202-344-1180
mailto:industry.partnership@dhs.gov
 

Customs Value
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
The worth of an item or group of items expressed in a monetary amount, within consignment declared to Customs for duty and statistical reasons.



   

CWE
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
Cleared Without Examination Cleared by customs without inspection.



   

CWT
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
CWT - Hundredweight: The hundredweight or centum weight (abbreviated cwt) is a unit of mass defined in terms of the pound (lb). Its British definition is not the same as that used in North America. The two are distinguished by speaking of the long hundredweight and the short hundredweight.



   

CY
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
CY - Container Yard: This is the container base from where the carriage will commence or where the ocean carriage ends. It is usually in the container port facility and is under the control of the ocean carrier. The CY can also be under the control of other carriers, for example, at a railway yard or at an airport.



   


 
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