pop up description layer


 Regulatory Database
 Regulatory FAQ Database
 Event Calendar
 
About ITCI
Export Start-Up Kit
Trade Information Database
Regulatory FAQs
Regulatory Database
Training Programs
Events Calendar

 
Regulatory Database



or

A |  B |  C |  D |  E |  F |  G |  H |  I |  J |  K |  L |  M |  N |  O |  P |  Q |  R |  S |  T |  U |  V |  W |  X |  Y |  Z


EAR
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • National Security
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are administered and enforced by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) to control most U.S. exports of strategically-significant products (e.g., that could aid the enemy), excluding defense-related items regulated by the State Departments International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

   

EAR 99
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • National Security
An EAR99 classification indicates that a particular item is subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), but but does not require an export license because it is not listed with a specific Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) on the Commerce Control List (CCL) (Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 of the EAR). This classification describes the item and the authorization for shipment which may be 'NLR' (No License Required), assuming it is not controlled by another agency (for example, a munitions item controlled by the State Department). EAR99 should be entered in Block 28 of the Automated Export System (AES). For most destinations, these items may be exported using the authorization, 'NLR' in Block 27 of the Automated Export System (AES). For further details on these export restrictions read EAR Parts 736, 742, 744 and 746. For information on the Denied Persons List, consult EAR Part 764.

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

  Export Counselors
202-482-4811
E mail Inquiry Section
 

EC
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
The European Community (EC) is the first of the three pillars of the European Union (EU) created under the Maastricht Treaty (1992). It is based upon the principle of supranationalism and has its origins in the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union. If the Treaty of Lisbon comes into force, the EU's pillar structure will be abolished. This means that the European Community, and the other two pillars, will be merged and cease to exist as separate entities. European Community comprising Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK

European Community

   

ECCN
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • National Security
ECCN, stands for Export Control Classification Number. An ECCN is an alpha-numeric classification used in the Commerce Control List to identify items for export control purposes. An ECCN is different from a Schedule B number, which is used by the Bureau of Census to collect trade statistics. It is also different from the Harmonized Tariff System Nomenclature, which is used to determine import duties. All ECCNs will have 5 characters, for example, 1A001, 4B994, or 8D001. There are 10 categories on the Commerce Control List. The first number of the ECCN identifies the category to which it belongs, for example, 1 = Nuclear Materials Facilities and Equipment, 4 = Computers, 9 = Propulsion Systems, Space Vehicles and Related Equipment. However, EAR99 is a different type of classification. It serves as a 'basket' designation for items that are covered by the EAR, but are not specified on the Commerce Control List. EAR99 items can be shipped without a license to most destinations under most circumstances. There are limitations on the use of EAR99. However, the majority of the commercial exports from the United States fall into this category.

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

  202-482-4811
E mail Inquiry Section
 

EDI
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
EDI - Electronic Data Interface: is the structured transmission of data between organizations by electronic means. It is used to transfer electronic documents or business data from one computer system to another computer system, i.e. from one trading partner to another trading partner without human intervention. It is more than mere e-mail; for instance, organizations might replace bills of lading and even cheques with appropriate EDI messages.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (cbp)

   

EEI
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
Electronic Export Information (EEI) is a U.S. Commerce Department declaration that is required by law and regulation to enable the Bureau of Industry and Security (Commerce), U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Department of State, and other U.S. Government agencies to enforce laws related to the export of goods. It is also used by the U.S. Census Bureau to compile official U.S. export statistics. It was formerly known as SED – Shipper’s Export Declaration

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

   

EFTA
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is an intergovernmental organisation set up for the promotion of free trade and economic integration to the benefit of its four Member States: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

   

Electronic Export Information (EEI)
Categories:
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Term/Acronym
  • Compliance System/Process
The EEI is used for compiling the official U.S. export statistics for the United States and for export control purposes. The regulatory provisions for preparing and filing the EEI are contained in the Foreign Trade Regulations, Title 15 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 30.

Foreign Trade Division, U.S. Census Bureau

   

Electronic Invoicing
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
The ability to transmit invoice data electronically through the Automated Invoice Interface (AII).



   

Embargo
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
A government prohibition of exports or imports with respect to specific products or specific foreign countries.

Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), US Department of the Treasury

  mailto:ddtcresponseteam@state.gov
 

Energy Charter Treaty
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
The Energy Charter Treaty and the Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects were signed in December 1994 and entered into legal force in April 1998. To date, the Treaty has been signed or acceded to by fifty-one states, the European Community and Euratom (the total number of its members is therefore fifty-three). The fundamental aim of the Energy Charter Treaty is to strengthen the rule of law on energy issues, by creating a level playing field of rules to be observed by all participating governments, thereby mitigating risks associated with energy-related investment and trade. It is widely recognized that multilateral rules can provide a more balanced and efficient framework for international cooperation than is offered by bilateral agreements alone or by non-legislative instruments. The Energy Charter Treaty therefore plays an important role as part of an international effort to build a legal foundation for energy security, based on the principles of open, competitive markets and sustainable development.

Energy Charter Secretariat

  Tel: +32 2 775 98 00
Info@encharter.org
 

Entry
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
Documentation required by and submitted to CBP by an entry filer to secure release of imported merchandise from CBP custody. The entry package usually consists of a CBPF-3461 or CBPF-3461A, the invoice, a packing list and any special release forms including other Government agency forms.



   

Entry Number
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
The unique numeric identifier referencing the documentation filed with CBP to secure release and duty payment of imported merchandise.



   

Entry Summary
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Document
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
CBP Form CBPF-7501. The entry summary describes and properly codes the imported merchandise. The entry filer has 10 working days after release of the merchandise to file an entry summary and pay whatever duties, fees, and taxes are due.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

EPA
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

   

ETA
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival: a measure of when a ship, vehicle, aircraft, cargo, emergency service or computer file is expected to arrive at a certain place.



   

EU
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
European Union (EU) is an economic and political partnership between 27 democratic European countries that provides frontier-free travel and trade, the euro (the single European currency), safer food and a greener environment, better living standards in poorer regions, joint action on crime and terror, cheaper phone calls, millions of opportunities to study abroad … and much more besides.To make these things happen, EU countries set up bodies to run the EU and adopt its legislation. The main ones are: the European Parliament (representing the people of Europe); the Council of the European Union (representing national governments); the European Commission (representing the common EU interest).

European Commission

   

EU import conditions for fresh meat and meat products
Categories:
  • Product-Specific
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Country/Regional
Imports of fresh meat and meat products into the European Union are subject to veterinary certification – which is based on the recognition of the competent authority of the non-EU country by the Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection. This formal recognition of the reliability of the competent authority is a pre-requisite for the country to be eligible and authorized for export to the European Union. Legally legitimate and adequately empowered authorities in the exporting country must ensure credible inspection and controls throughout the production chain, which cover all relevant aspects of hygiene, animal health and public health.

European Commission

   

EU import conditions for seafood and other fishery products
Categories:
  • Product-Specific
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Country/Regional
Imports of fishery products into the European Union are subject to official certification, which is based on the recognition of the competent authority of the non-EU country by the European Commission. This formal recognition of the reliability of the competent authority is a pre-requisite for the country to be eligible and authorized to export to the European Union. Public authorities with the necessary legal powers and resources must ensure credible inspection and controls throughout the production chain, which cover all relevant aspects of hygiene, public health and, in the case of aquaculture products, also animal health.

European Commission

   

EU Veterinary border control
Categories:
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
The veterinary border control is a key factor to ensure that the live animals and products of animal origin entering to the European Union are safe and meeting the specific import conditions laid down in the Community legislation.

European Commission

   

eUCP
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Compliance System/Process
The eUCP is the Supplement to the Uniform Customs and Practice (UCP) for Documentary Credits for Electronic Presentation The eUCP is.not a revision of the UCP. The UCP will continue to provide the industry with rules for paper letters of credit for many years. The eUCP, when used in conjunction with the UCP, will provide the necessary rules for the presentation of the electronic equivalents of paper documents under letters of credit. This electronic supplement came into force on April 1, 2002. Supplement to the UCP for Electronic Presentation

Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)

   

European Community
Categories:
  • Country/Regional
  • Multilateral/International
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • Term/Acronym
The European Community (EC) is the first of the three pillars of the European Union (EU) created under the Maastricht Treaty (1992). It is based upon the principle of supranationalism and has its origins in the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union. If the Treaty of Lisbon comes into force, the EU's pillar structure will be abolished. This means that the European Community, and the other two pillars, will be merged and cease to exist as separate entities. European Community comprising Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
 

European Community Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs as Traditional Specialities Guaranteed
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
This Regulation establishes the criteria and procedures by which agricultural products intended for human consumption and foodstuffs can be recognised as traditional specialities guaranteed (TSGs). An agricultural product intended for human consumption or foodstuff with a traditional composition, or produced according to a traditional production method may become a traditional speciality guaranteed (TSG). This possibility encourages the diversification of agricultural production and has positive consequences in several areas. The introduction of the designation TSG boosts farmers' revenues and maintains the population in less favoured or remote areas by promoting the rural economy. It also increases the market value of the products of economic operators, by guaranteeing that they are distinguishable from other similar products or foodstuffs. In addition, thanks to the introduction of this designation, consumers will able be to make more informed choices on the basis of clear information on the specific characteristics of the products they buy.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Animal Health
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
As a general rule, the exporting country must be on a positive list of eligible and authorised countries to supply such products; valid Health Certificate issued by the competent authority of exporting country.

European Commission, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Anti-Trust Regulation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
To ensure more effective enforcement of the Community competition rules in the interest of consumers and businesses, while easing the administrative burden of firms doing business in Europe.Via decentralized application of the competition rules and by strengthening a posteriori control, the Regulation will lighten the Commission's workload and increase the part played by national authorities and courts in implementing competition law while guaranteeing its uniform application.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Checks on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
The purpose of this Regulation is to see that Member States ensure that a representative proportion of consignments of dangerous goods transported by road is checked for compliance with the laws on the transport of dangerous goods by road.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Common Rules for Imports
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
This Regulation aims to establish common rules for imports into the European Community based on the principle of the freedom of import and to define the procedures enabling the Community to implement, where necessary, the surveillance and safeguard measures required to protect its interests.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Deregulation of Pack Sizes
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
Regulations prescribing mandatory nominal quantities for prepackaged products are banned. However, countries in which mandatory nominal quantities are prescribed for milk, butter, dried pasta and coffee may maintain their restrictive rules until 11 October 2012. The rules relating to white sugar may be maintained until 11 October 2013. For wines and spirits, the Directive contains the range of nominal quantities of contents of prepackages. These also apply to individual prepackages making up multiple prepackages. In the case of aerosol dispensers, the Directive states that they must indicate the nominal total capacity of the container in a manner which does not create confusion with the nominal volume of the contents.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Dual-use regulation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • National Security
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
This Regulation sets up an effective system of controls for dual-use items (including software and technology) to be exported from the Community. This will ensure that the international non-proliferation commitments given by the European Union (EU) and its Member States are honoured. At the same time, these export controls ensure that dual-use items can move freely within the Community.

European Commission

   

European Community Establishing a Common Legal Framework: Combating Fraud in all the Community Policies
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
The Regulation establishes a common set of legal rules for all areas covered by Community policies to combat fraud. In particular, this Regulation establishes provisions to combat fraud against the financial interests of the European Communities. It provides for homogenous checks in all Member States and administrative measures and penalties concerning irregularities with regard to Community law.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Financing of the CAP
Categories:
  • Country/Regional
  • Multilateral/International
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Term/Acronym
The Regulation establishes a common set of legal rules to be enacted for all areas covered by Community policies to combat fraud. In particular, the legislation provides for checks and administrative penalties to protect the Communities' financial interests.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Foodstuffs Treated with Ionising Radiation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
The use of ionisation, a method of food preservation, is harmonised in the European Union (EU) on the basis of treatment conditions and a list of foodstuffs which may be ionised. The labelling of ionised foodstuffs must state that they have been treated by this method.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Identification of Prepacked Foodstuffs by Lot
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Prepacked foodstuffs must indicate a manufacturing or packaging lot reference, a system which is harmonised throughout the European Union (EU). The lot reference allows consumers to trace the product in the event of any dispute or health risk. The date of minimum durability or 'use by' date can be used as the means of identifying the lot.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Presentation, Labelling and Geographical Indications of Spirit Drinks
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
Spirit drinks marketed in the Community or produced in the Community for export purposes comply with the definition, classification and technical requirements of this Regulation. For instance, if alcohol is added, it must be ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Procedure for Administering Quantitative Quotas
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
This Regulation aims to establish a system for administering quantitative quotas based on the principle of a uniform common commercial policy and respect for the free movement of goods. It applies where the Community has established the quantities of goods likely to be imported or exported during a given period, whether autonomous or conventional. The regulation does not apply to the agricultural products listed in Annex II to the Treaty of Rome, to textile products or to the products covered by special import rules laying down specific provisions for the administration of quotas. Quotas areallocated among applicants as soon as possible after they have been opened. They may be allocated in several tranches. Quantities that are not allocated, assigned or used shall be redistributed. Quantities for redistribution shall be determined by the Commission on the basis of the information provided by Member States.

European Commission

   

European Community Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
This Regulation establishes the rules for protecting designations of origin and geographical indications for agricultural products and foodstuffs intended for human consumption.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Quick-Frozen Food
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Quick-freezing, packaging, labelling and inspection of quick-frozen foodstuffs are harmonised at European level. Quick-frozen foodstuffs must be labelled as 'quick-frozen' and indicate the batch identification. The freezing temperature must be -18

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Regulation on 'Active' and 'Intelligent' Packaging
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
This Regulation lays down the labelling requirements or specific information which must be provided for all substances which come into contact with food or which are likely to do so in cases where is not clear that they are intended to do so. Furthermore, the Regulation authorises the placing on the market of two types of packaging which act 'intelligently' when in contact with foodstuffs, either providing information on the quality (freshness) of the product or preserving it for longer by introducing favourable chemical modifications.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Regulation on Organically Grown Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
The Regulation establishes a harmonised framework for the production, labelling and inspection of agricultural products and foodstuffs obtained organically in order to increase consumer confidence in such products and ensure fair competition between producers. This Regulation applies to the following products, where they bear or are intended to bear indications referring to organic production: non-processed agricultural crop and livestock products; farmed livestock; agricultural crop and livestock products intended for human consumption, processed and constituted mainly from one or more agricultural crop or livestock ingredients; and animal feeds, compound feedingstuffs for animals and raw materials for animal feed that meet the conditions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 223/2003. Pet foods, feed for animals raised for their fur and feed for use in aquaculture are not covered by this Regulation.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Regulations on Labelling, Presentation and Advertising of Foodstuffs
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
Pre-packaged foodstuffs must comply with compulsory harmonised standards on labelling and advertising. The details that must appear on packaging include the name under which the product is sold, a list of ingredients and quantities, potential allergens (products which may cause allergies), the minimum durability date and conditions for keeping.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Regulations on Prepacked Products
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
Prepackages (or packages prepared in advance) and their contents must indicate in the labelling the weight or volume they contain using a harmonised format, taking account of specific metrological conditions. If the prepacked product is certified as complying with the relevant regulations, its labelling may also bear the EEC sign.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Community Regulations on Product Labeling and Packaging
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
The objective of foodstuff labelling is to guarantee that consumers have access to complete information on the content and composition of products, in order to protect their health and their interests. Other information may provide details on a particular aspect of the product, such as its origin or production method. Some foodstuffs, such as genetically modified organisms, allergenic foods, foods intended for infants or even various beverages, are also subject to specific regulations. Labelling of certain non-food products must also contain particular information, in order to guarantee their safe use and allow consumers to exercise real choice. In addition, the packaging of foodstuffs must adhere to production criteria in order to avoid contaminating food products.

European Commission

   

European Community Safeguard Measures
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
Free importation is the general rule of the Community's Common Import Regime. Nevertheless, there are three basic exceptions to this general rule: Safeguard measures, which may be applied to imports that increase in such quantities and are made under such conditions as to cause or threaten to cause serious injury to the Community industry, provided there is a Community interest to do so. At the request of a Member State or at the Commission's own initiative, an investigation may be initiated on the basis of which measures may be applied on a case-by-case basis. Industry may not directly request the introduction of these measures. These measures must respect the WTO Agreement on Safeguards.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
 

European Community Trade Barriers Regulation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
The Trade Barriers Regulation (TBR) is an instrument aimed at helping EU businesses overcome trade barriers and thereby develop their activities overseas. The TBR is specifically designed to remove obstacles to trade in third countries, as well as to tackle unfair foreign trade practices that cause injury within the EU internal market.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
 

European Community Unit Price Directive
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
  • Country/Regional
The European Community Unit Prices Directive obliges traders to indicate the selling price and the price per unit of measurement on all the products which they offer to consumers. The aim is to improve consumer information and facilitate price comparison. This information must be unambiguous, clearly legible and easily identifiable. If advertising mentions the selling price it must also indicate the unit price. For products sold in bulk, only the unit price must be indicated. However, for some small retail businesses and for certain forms of itinerant trade, the obligation to indicate the unit price may be an excessive burden. In such cases the national authorities may stipulate that the obligation to indicate the unit price of products, other than those sold in bulk, shall not apply for a transitional period from March 2000 onwards.

European Commission

  Policy Coordination Unit - Trade 01
00 800 67891011
mailbox@scadplus.ec.europa.eu.
 

European Union import conditions for poultry and poultry products
Categories:
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Product-Specific
  • Country/Regional
This formal recognition of the reliability of the competent veterinary authority is a pre-requisite for the country to be eligible and authorized for import into the EU. Legally legitimate and adequately empowered authorities in the exporting country must ensure credible inspection and controls throughout the production chain, which cover all relevant aspects of hygiene, animal health, animal welfare and public health.

European Commission

   

Ex Works
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM (EXW), in which the exporter fulfils his obligation to deliver when he has made the goods available at his premises (i.e. works, factory, warehouse, etc.) to the buyer. The seller is not responsible for loading the goods on the vehicle provided by the buyer. Unless otherwise agreed, the seller is not responsible for clearing the goods for export. EX WORKS represents the minimum obligation for the seller. EX WORKS should not be used when the buyer cannot carry out, directly or indirectly, the export formalities.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   

Exchange Permit
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Foreign Import-Related
Government permit sometimes required by the importer's government to enable the import firm to convert its own country's currency into foreign currency with which to pay a seller in another country.

International Monetary Fund

   

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • National Security
  • Compliance System/Process
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are administered and enforced by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) to control most U.S. exports of strategically-significant products (eg., that could aid the enemy), excluding defense-related items regulated by the State Departments International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

   

Export License
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • National Security
A document indicating that a government has granted a licensee the right to export specified goods to specified countries.



   

Expropriation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Foreign Import-Related
Compulsory seizure or surrender of private party for the state's purposes, with little or no compensation to the property's owner. Governments or their agencies can effect an expropriation by making changes in legal code, tax code, or regulations such as zoning. See also eminent domain.

U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

  202-514-2000
askdoj@usdoj.gov
 

EXW
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
An INCOTERM for Ex Works, in which the exporter fulfils his obligation to deliver when he has made the goods available at his premises (i.e. works, factory, warehouse, etc.) to the buyer. The seller is not responsible for loading the goods on the vehicle provided by the buyer. Unless otherwise agreed, the seller is not responsible for clearing the goods for export. EX WORKS represents the minimum obligation for the seller. EX WORKS should not be used when the buyer cannot carry out, directly or indirectly, the export formalities.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

   


 
  Home  |   About ITCI  |   Contact ITCI
Copyright © All rights Reserved.