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Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
  • Anti-Competitiveness Protection
Under the Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods, all goods bearing a false or deceptive indication of source, by which one of the contracting States, or a place situated therein, is directly or indirectly indicated as being the country or place of origin, must be seized on importation, or such importation must be prohibited, or other actions and sanctions must be applied in connection with such importation. The Agreement provides for the cases and the manner in which seizure may be requested and effected. It prohibits the use, in connection with the sale or display or offering for sale of any goods, of all indications in the nature of publicity capable of deceiving the public as to the source of the goods. The Agreement, concluded in 1891, was revised at Washington in 1911, at The Hague in 1925, at London in 1934, at Lisbon in 1958, and at Stockholm in 1967.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

   

Manual Surcharge Fee
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
A surcharged fee assessed for any formal entry submitted by an ABI filer who is not certified for Cargo Release processing in at least one port location. The class code is 500.

Customs and Trade Automated Interface (US Customs)

   

Manufacturer ID or MID
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
Manufacturer identification code constructed using specific segments of the manufacturer’s or shipper’s, name and address. Refer to CBP Directive 3500-13 dated November 24, 1986, for instructions on determining the manufacturer ID.



   

MARAD
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
Maritime Administration (MARAD). The Maritime Administration is the agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation dealing with waterborne transportation. Its programs promote the use of waterborne transportation and its seamless integration with other segments of the transportation system, and the viability of the U.S. merchant marine. The Maritime Administration works in many areas involving ships and shipping, shipbuilding, port operations, vessel operations, national security, environment, and safety.

Maritime Administration (MARAD)

   

Marking: Country of Origin
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
The physical markings on a product that indicate the country of origin where the article was produced. (With very few exceptions, the U.S. requires every imported article to be so marked.)

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

  Michael T. Schmitz
202-572-8810
michael.schmitz@dhs.gov
 

Marks or Marking
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Standard (Technical/Health/Safety)
  • Labeling/Marking/Packaging
Identification placed on the outer surface of shipping containers or packages. At one time it consisted of pictures, letters and numbers. With the advent of computers, pictures are no longer used. Instructions on the packages for their proper handling, such as 'This side up' may also be considered part of the marks. Also the weight and measurements of the packages.



   

MAWB
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
Master Air Waybill (MAWB). The air freight consolidator regroups the shipments of several independent shippers that are intended for the same airport of destination and dispatch them together under one Air Waybill (AWB) issued by the carrier. This AWB is named Master Air Waybill (MAWB). A cargo manifest details consignments attached to the MAWB. The air freight consolidator issues to each shipper its own AWB, named in this case a House Air Waybill (HAWB).



   

Mediation
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Foreign Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
An informal, voluntary process intended to resolve conflicts, without resorting to arbitration or litigation, by using an impartial third party.

Office of Dispute Resolution, U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

  Joanna Jacobs
202-305-4439
joanna.jacobs@usdoj.gov
 

MET
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
MET - Mobile Enforcement Team: The DEA Mobile Enforcement Team initiative (MET) is designed as a support service to help state and local police departments combat violent crime and drug trafficking in their communities.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

   

MFN
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Compliance System/Process
Most-favoured-nation (MFN): treating other people equally Under the WTO agreements, countries cannot normally discriminate between their trading partners. Grant someone a special favour (such as a lower customs duty rate for one of their products) and you have to do the same for all other WTO members. This principle is known as most-favoured-nation (MFN) treatment (see box). It is so important that it is the first article of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which governs trade in goods. MFN is also a priority in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) (Article 2) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) (Article 4), although in each agreement the principle is handled slightly differently. Together, those three agreements cover all three main areas of trade handled by the WTO.

World Trade Organization

  feedback@wto.org
 

Mod Act
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • Multilateral/International
A short and informal title used to refer to the CBP modernization provisions contained in Title VI of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Public Law 103-182). The primary purpose of Title VI is to streamline and automated the commercial operations of the CBP. The Title is also intended to improve compliance with CBP laws and provide safeguards, uniformity, and due process rights for importers.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   

MPF
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF). Customs user fees were established by the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985.This legislation was expanded in 1986 to include a merchandise processing fee. The merchandise processing fee (MPF) is 0.21 percent ad valorem on formally-entered imported merchandise (generally entries valued over $2,000), subject to a minimum fee of $25 per entry and a maximum fee of $485 per entry. On informal entries (those valued at less than $2,000), the MPFs are: $2 for automated entries, $6 for manual entries not prepared by Customs, and $9 for manual entries that are prepared by Customs.



   

MRU
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Organization/Agency/Entity
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • National Security
MRU - Manifest Review Unit: Inspectors assigned to the MRU are responsible for analyzing risk factors by conducting pre-arrival manifest/document reviews of high-risk shipments and reviewing indicators of suspicious shipments. They also conduct intelligence work-ups using various research tools and enforcement databases.

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

   

MT799
Categories:
  • U.S. Import-Related
  • U.S. Export-Related
  • Document
  • Term/Acronym
The MT-799 is a free format SWIFT message type in which a banking institution confirms that funds are in place to cover a potential trade. This can, on occasion, be used as an irrevocable undertaking, depending on the language used in the MT-799, but is not a promise to pay or any form of bank guarantee in its standard format. The function of the MT-799 is simply to assure the seller that the buyer does have the necessary funds to complete the trade. The MT-799 is usually issued before a contract is signed and before a letter of credit or bank guarantee is issued. After the MT-799 has been received by the seller’s bank, it is then normally the responsibility of the seller’s bank to send a POP (proof of product) to the buyer’s bank, at which point the trade continues towards commencement. The actual payment method commonly used is a documentary letter of credit, which the seller presents to the issuing or confirming bank along with shipping documents. Once the bank confirms the documents, the seller is then paid. An alternative method is to use a bank guarantee in place of a letter of credit. It is normally at the seller’s discretion which method of payment is used.



   

Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI). (April 1998)
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • Treaty/Convention/Agreement
  • Multilateral/International
Negotiations on a multilateral agreement on investment (MAI) were launched by governments at the Annual Meeting of the OECD Council at Ministerial level in May 1995. The proposed objective of the MAI was to provide a broad multilateral framework for international investment with high standards for the liberalisation of investment regimes and investment protection and with effective dispute settlement procedures, open to non-Members. Negotiations were discontinued in April 1998 and will not be resumed.

Organization foe Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

   

Mushroom Fee
Categories:
  • Term/Acronym
  • Law/Act/Regulation
  • U.S. Import-Related
An assessment collected on imported fresh mushrooms. The class code is 103.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

   


 
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